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Timbangan Menggunakan Massa Pembanding

Timbangan adalah alat yang dipakai melakukan pengukuran massa suatu benda, timbangan atau neraca juga turut dikategorikan kedalam sistem mekanik dan juga elektronik atau Digital.

Salah satu contoh timbangan yaitu neraca pegas (dinamometer). Neraca pegas merupakan timbangan sederhana yang menggunakan pegas sebagai alat untuk menentukan massa benda yang diukurnya. Neraca pegas (seperti timbangan badan) mengukur berat, defleksi pegasnya ditampilkan dalam skala massa (label angkanya sudah dibagi gravitasi).

Neraca/timbangan dengan bandul pemberat (seperti yang terdapat di pasar ikan/sayur) menimbang massa. Biasanya menggunakan massa pembanding yang lebih kecil dengan lever (tuas) yg panjang. Mengikuti hukum tuas (persamaan momen).

Neraca pegas menunjukkan angka yang berbeda di bumi dan bulan, atau di daerah yg gravitasinya berbeda. Timbangan bandul menunjukkan angka yg sama di mana pun, asal masih ada gravitasi untuk menggerakkan timbangan. Timbangan dapat dikelompokkan dalam beberapa kategori berdasarkan klasifikasinya.

Jika dilihat dari cara kerjanya, jenis timbangan dapat dibedakan atas :

  • Timbangan Manual, yaitu jenis timbangan yang bekerja secara mekanis dengan sistem pegas. Biasanya jenis timbangan ini menggunakan indikator berupa jarum sebagai penunjuk ukuran massa yang telah terskala.
  • Timbangan Digital, yaitu jenis timbangan yang bekerja secara elektronis dengan tenaga listrik. Umumnya timbangan ini menggunakan arus lemah dan indikatornya berupa angka digital pada layar bacaan.
  • Timbangan Hybrit, yaitu timbangan yang cara kerjanya merupakan perpaduan antara timbangan manual dan digital. Timbangan Hybrid ini biasa digunakan untuk lokasi penimbangan yang tidak ada aliran listrik. Timbangan Hybrid menggunakan display digital tetapi bagian paltform menggunakan plat mekanik

    Sedangkan berdasarkan penggunaannya, timbangan dapat dikelompokkan sebagai berikut :
  • Timbangan Badan, yaitu timbangan yang digunakan untuk mengukur berat badan. Contoh timbangan ini adalah : timbangan bayi, timbangan badan anak dan dewasa, timbangan badan digital.
  • Timbangan Gantung, yaitu timbangan yang diletakkan menggantung dan bekerja dengan prinsip tuas.
  • Timbangan Lantai/Floor Scale, yaitu timbangan yang diletakkan di permukaan lantai. Biasanya digunakan untuk mengukur benda yang bervolume besar.
  • Timbangan Duduk, yaitu timbangan dimana benda yang ditimbang dalam keadaan duduk atau sering kita ketahui Platform Scale.
  • Timbangan Meja, yaitu imbangan yang biasanya digunakan di meja dan rata-rata timbangan meja ini adalah Timbangan Digital.
  • Timbangan Counting, yaitu timbangan hitung yang biasa digunakan untuk menimbang barang yang berjumlah, jadi barang bisa timbangan persatuan sebagai contoh timbangan counting ini sering digunakan untuk menimbang baut, mur, Spare part mobil dan sebagainya.
  • Timbangan Platform, yaitu timbangan yang memiliki tingkat kepricisian lebih tinggi dari timbangan lntai, timbangan Paltform merupakan solusi dalam penimbangan di berbagai industri baik industri retail maupun manufacturing.
  • Timbangan Hewan/Ternak, yaitu jenis timbangan yang digunakan untuk menimbang hewan baik sapi, kerbau maupun kambing serta sejenisnya.
  • Timbangan Emas, yaitu jenis timbangan yang memiliki akurasi tinggi untuk mengukur massa emas (logam mulia).

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